Diabetes is the fastest growing disease in the world. Recent research figures show that around 30 million people in the US are suffering from diabetes. This is around 9% of the total population in the US and the amount is quite alarming.
Whenever a patient is diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, he or she is advised to go for glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) test with the assumption that this test can keep the type 2 diabetes under control. The test takes the blood sugar figure of past two or three months and takes the average of it. An average score of 6.5 of HbA1c shows that the person is suffering from type 2 diabetes.
Recent research has shown that HbA1c test has been too much used in the USA, which has lead to overtreatment of the patients. Accordingly, too much of hypoglycemic drugs have been applied to these patients over a long period of time. It has been observed that these drugs have many types of side effects like weight gain, gastrointestinal problems, sometimes very low blood sugar and also a congestive failure of the heart.
Observations by the same researchers have pointed out that if the test is done excessively, the growing problem of waste in healthcare may come up. On the other hand, it may create a huge burden on patients in the healthcare industry, leading to mismanagement of diabetes management in the long run.
In this context, American medical authorities have come out with a new set of guidelines for better treatment of Type 2 diabetes. Applying diabetic drugs to people diagnosed with HbA1c of 6.5 may lead their cardiovascular problems in the long term. Hence they have suggested to considering the range of 7 to 8 of HbA1c for declaring a patient in the diabetic range. This may reduce his risk of cardiovascular activities in the long run.
Medical research has shown that patients having HbA1c in the range 7 to 8 offers the most effective balance between control of diabetes and fighting against the long-term harms which include the cost of medication, ill health, cardiovascular diseases and other ill effects.
People with old age, especially 80 years of age or above, must be treated with caution. If the patient falls in this age range and is suffering from other diseases like cancer or dementia, the harm of use of diabetic drugs for a long-term may outweigh its advantages.
In that case, a lower treatment type is prescribed for patients who are in 6.5 range of HbA1c. Doctors have been suggested to advise the patients go for lifestyle modifications and follow a proper diet to keep the type 2 diabetes under control. Patients are also advised to go for regular exercise and must see that their weight is under control. Association wants the patients to go for natural therapy for the cure of Type 2 diabetes if the blood sugar range is in the 6.5 HbA1c. This will save the health of the patients from ill health that may generate from the drug due to ill health.